Understanding Kidney Disease

There are Five Stages of Kidney Disease

Stage 1 -  Normal kidney function but you are already known to have some kidney damage or disease. i.e. you may have some protein or blood in your urine, an abnormality of your kidney,

Stage 2 -  Mildly reduced kidney function AND you are already known to have some kidney damage or disease.

Stage 3 -  Moderately reduced kidney function. (May not have a known kidney disease. i.e. an elderly person with ageing kidneys may have reduced kidney function without a specific known kidney disease.)    

Stage 4 -  Severely reduced kidney function. (May not have a known kidney disease.)     

Stage 5 -   A very severely reduced kidney function. This is sometimes called end-stage kidney failure or established renal failure.

Your Kidneys

You have two Kidneys, these are located both sides of your spine, and just above your waist.

Each kidney is about the size of a large orange, but bean-shaped.

What Your Kidneys Do

  • Kidneys remove waste products from your blood, which are passed out as urine. 

  • They keep a balance of water and minerals like sodium, potassium, and phosphorous in your blood.

  • They help control your blood pressure

  • They make a chemical called erythropoietin, which stimulates the bone marrow to make red blood cells

  • They make an active form of vitamin D, needed for bone health and other things

Scientists funded by Kidney Research UK have developed a revolutionary new procedure that could dramatically improve the prospects of thousands of renal patients by increasing the success rate and longevity of kidney transplants, while also cutting the transplant waiting list. 

World Kidney Day 2017

This is a link to a series of informational videos giving information on kidney disease - this is a pretty comprehensive set and should answer most questions

Are you at risk?

Interactive check - req. Flash

Chronic kidney disease is a major health concern in this country afflicting more than eight million Americans. Dr. Ryutaro Hirose performs liver, kidney and pancreas transplants. He discusses when a transplant is needed and how it is done. Series: "UCSF Osher Mini Medical School for the Public" [11/2011] [Health and Medicine]
Copyright Fife Kidney Support Group @ 2012